Automobile manufacturing robots give car companies a competitive advantage. This is due to the fact that robotics enhance quality and reduce warranty costs; boost capacity and relieve bottlenecks; and protect workers from dirty, difficult and dangerous jobs. Usually, auto assembly factories use robots exclusively for spot welding and painting, but there are also several other opportunities to use robots throughout the supply chain. Using robotics benefit OEMs, Tier 1s and all other part producers in the car manufacturing industry.
Generally, manufacturers turn to robots for various reasons. Three biggest drivers in the automotive industry are quality, capacity and safety.
Auto plant robots reduce part-to-part variability. Robots perform highly repeatable processes, they never tire or get distracted like human labour, so every cycle is performed the same way. They do not drop parts or mishandle them in a way that causes damage. As a result, it reduces waste caused by human error, which leads to less variability in car assembly. Additionally, robots are equipped with vision systems and they can even detect variation in incoming materials and adapt their programmed paths suitably. Needless to say, that this translates to better customer satisfaction, lesser mistakes and lower warranty costs.
In an automobile assembly line, robots protect workers from exposure to fumes from welding and painting, as well as weld flash and the noise of stamping presses. For manufacturers, automotive robotics cut down accidents and injury claims, by removing workers from these dirty and dangerous tasks and environments.
In conclusion we would like to mention that robots and artificial intelligence have been used in the automotive industry for quite some time now. Today they are used in many different aspects of automobile manufacturing but the ambit of robotic in the automobile sector is growing by leaps and bounds.
Article by Arijit Nag
Arijit Nag is a freelance journalist who writes on various aspects of the economy and current affairs.
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